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How Many Pounds in a Ton

Converting pounds1 to tons2 can cause difficulties because there are several definitions of these units of weight, which are used in different systems of measure. So, if you ask about how many pounds in a ton, you should know exactly what units you mean. It is particularly important if you are an international trader. This article will help you to avoid confusion.

Pounds are found in several weight systems: Avoirdupois, Troy, Tower, London, Merchant, etc. In Great Britain and the United States the avoirdupois pound is used. This type equals to sixteen ounces3 and about 454 metric grams4.

Other kinds of pounds are rather rare in the modern world. We have collected some information about them in the table below.

 
Ounces
Grams
1 Avoirdupois pound
14
454
1 Troy pound
12
373
1 Tower pound
12
350
1 London pound
16
467
1 Merchant pound
15
437


Every person living in a country with the metric system knows that one metric ton consists of one thousand kilograms. If you ask him about how many pounds there are in a ton, he will think that you mean this ton. But there are also units of weight called long (gross) and short (net) tons. The first ones are used in the USA and Canada. The long ton is common for the United Kingdom and some other countries.


It means that if someone asks you how many pounds there are in a ton, make sure that you understand what type of these units of weight he implies. The following table will help you to convert short tons to avoirdupois pounds without a calculator.

Ton
Pound
Ton
Pound
1
2000
20
40000
2
4000
30
60000
3
6000
40
80000
4
8000
50
100000
5
10000
60
120000
6
12000
70
140000
7
14000
80
160000
8
16000
90
180000
9
18000
100
200000
10
20000
999
1998000
  1. The pound (abbr. lb) is a widespread unit of mass with many definitions. The most common of them is equal to sixteen ounces or 454 metric grams.
  2. The ton is a unit of weight, found in various systems of measure (the metric ton, the short ton, and the long ton).
  3. The ounce (abbr. oz) is a mass unit with a number of meanings. The avoirdupois ounce (about 28.3 grams) and the troy ounce (about 31.1 grams) are its most known definitions.
  4. The gram (abbr. g) is a general unit of weight from the International System of Units. One kilogram contains 1000 grams.
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