The goals of monetary policy are to promote maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates. By implementing effective monetary policy, the Fed can maintain stable prices, thereby supporting conditions for long-term economic growth and maximum employment.
The Federal Reserve controls the three tools of monetary policy--open market operations, the discount rate, and reserve requirements.
Definition: Monetary policy is the macroeconomic policy laid down by the central bank. It involves management of money supply and interest rate and is the demand side economic policy used by the government of a country to achieve macroeconomic objectives like inflation, consumption, growth and liquidity.
To maintain a strong economy, the federal government seeks to accomplish three policy goals: stable prices, full employment, and economic growth. In addition to these three policy goals, the federal government has other objectives to maintain sound economic policy.
Monetary policy is a set of actions that can be undertaken by a nation's central bank to control the overall money supply and achieve sustainable economic growth.
The five economic goals of full employment, stability, economic growth, efficiency, and equity are widely considered to be beneficial and worth pursuing.
Specifically, the Congress has assigned the Fed to conduct the nation's monetary policy to support the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.